Following any serious injury, illness, or long-term disabling condition, the greatest challenge facing the patient is bringing the body back into prime physical condition or as close to such condition as feasible. This is the function of long-term rehabilitation carried out by professional physiotherapists. Their entire training involves helping the patient bring his or her condition back from an extended period of non-activity, damage from a debilitating injury, or a disabling event such as a heart attack or stroke.
Conditions For Which Physiotherapy Is Necessary
Before explaining the medical conditions physiotherapy aids, it is necessary for a moment to explain what physiotherapy is. For anyone who thinks a rehabilitation regimen involves only massage, that is only part of the entire picture. Physiotherapy involves a close partnership between the therapist, the patient, and the physician to devise and carry out a holistic program of physical care touching on every aspect of the patient’s condition.
Physiotherapy is helpful for a wide range of conditions involving health and rehabilitation for patients of all ages. Tissue damage from sporting injuries is among the most common of conditions requiring a complete physiotherapy regimen, including muscle tears, sprain and fracture injuries, back pain, shoulder pain, and neck pain from whiplash injuries or heavy blows. Many of these same type injuries result from a variety of accident situations including falls, automobile crashes, and other types of impact injuries.
Stroke and heart attack victims usually suffer movement and circulation problems requiring a carefully planned program to restore normal bodily functions. For stroke victims as well as those suffering from Parkinson’s Disease or multiple sclerosis, movement difficulties most often are connected to brain or nervous system damage. And, patients with respiratory issues connected with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or cystic fibrosis, lung cancer, or emphysema need special rehabilitation aid to maintain sufficient lung capacity to sustain life.
Paralysis victims are in particular need of physiotherapy assistance. Even if the use of one or more limbs has been lost, maintaining a regular program of exercise prevents the muscles in those limbs from withering and causing additional health complications. This is where the physiotherapist is crucial in working limbs that are “dead” in terms of voluntary motion capacity and have to be externally manipulated.